Since ancient times we are using natural stones as a premium construction material. After the invention and propagation of cement-concrete based materials, we experienced a slowdown in the use of natural stones. Recent improvements in quarrying, cutting, and supplying technologies, natural stones are no more a luxury material for our homes.

We use RCC for the construction of frames and stone veneers to decorate the spaces further without struggling with whole stones as stacked structural elements. However, natural stones are excellent options, manufactured tiles, and cement-concrete mortar are ultimate competitors of stones in many respects.

It creates a lot of confusion for homeowners as well as contractors to take right decisions regarding stones. To help them out, here, I am going to give some useful tips when choosing natural stones the best ways.

1. Choose Right Stone Types for Right Places

Fundamentally, we know natural rocks are of three main categories based on their origins. Igneous rocks, sedimentary rocks, and metamorphic rocks. We use all three types of rocks in our construction projects under the titles of different species.

For commercial purposes, we classify rocks into two major classes based on the minerals they contain. Siliceous & calcareous. Siliceous rocks contain silica/sands as the main mineral. Calcareous rocks have calcium compounds as a principal component. I think these short & sweet understanding help you to make the right selection for your natural stone needs.

Stone Types for Right Places

Let’s see which stone type is suitable where in your spaces in the following table.

Stone Types Interior Spaces Exterior Spaces
Quartzite Kitchen countertops, cabinet-tops, tabletops, floors, and other heavily used surfaces. Façade, porch, and patio paving. Pool decks, paths, walkways, and driveways.
Granite Same as above Same as above
Travertine Same as above Same as above plus stone furniture.
Slate Kitchen countertops, fireplace facing, and floors Façade & patio paving, paths paving, pool decks, and Roofs.
Sandstone Structural elements in stacked walls, trims, and pillars. Also in floors Architectural elements in stacked walls, trims, and posts. Patio paving. In stone-based furniture.
Limestone Same as above Same as above
Bluestone Same as above Same as above
Marbles Mostly for flooring in all interior spaces. Wall cladding for luxurious homes. Structural elements like columns. Pool and patio paving, exterior wall cladding, windows sills, and headers.
Flagstone Wall cladding for classic & rural homes.                    Patio, pool, and path paving.


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